|  e-ISSN: 2717-641X

Volume 1 Issue 1 (December 2019)

Issue Information

Issue Information

pp. i - vi   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230


Keywords: Issue Information

Original Articles

Legal System for Permanent Missions as "Permanent Control Mission" in International Organizations; Palestine Situation an Example

Khaled A. Tumi

pp. 1 - 22   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230.1


This study presents three basic topics, and for each of the two topics has its own approaches; The rooting methodology for the subject of the study; Taking into consideration the analysis of the status of the situation of the permanent diplomatic representation at the international organizations, Based on principles and foundations that make diplomatic relations a method, approach and profession with multiple functions; Exercised by diplomatic missions accredited at the international organizations, The United Nations, among them the most important and prominent, It reflects the true face of multilateral diplomatic activity, Given its effectiveness and role in the international community, Due to its position its distinctiveness from other international organizations, States had to enter into several relations with them, necessitated by social, political and economic imperatives, This should be done through the dispatch of diplomatic missions as Permanent Control Missions, Therefore, we find that international law has established a legal regime for these Permanent Control Missions accredited at the United Nations, Which is governed by many rules, Which would relate to the appointment of its members, the accreditation, the composition of the mission, the multiple or double representation, the tasks of the mission, as well as the legal status of national liberation movements as a United Nations accredited observer; The issue which prompted us to discuss these legal systems, Which will be clarified through the following topics which are listed as: The rules for the Systematization of the permanent Control missions and appointing its members, the tasks of the permanent Control missions, and the legal status of the national liberation movements as an accredited Controller in the United Nations

Keywords: International Law, Organizations, United Nations, Legal System, Missions

The Reflection of Change in the Arab Region on the Arab Gulf States

Muna H. Obaid

pp. 23 - 35   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230.2


The winds of change began to blow on some of the Arab Gulf countries since the last third of the twentieth century, specifically with the emergence of oil wealth, and with the increasing revenues of Gulf countries from this wealth, and the reflection of this oil boom economically, commercially and investment on those countries, which led to the existence of social and cultural impacts Accompanying is no less important than economic changes, but the political side remained far from any change and most of the Gulf societies maintained their old political style. Today, the winds of change have become stronger and more powerful on the Arab Gulf states, especially after the changes that took place in the Middle East region, particularly in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Yemen, as some Arab Gulf states, like many countries, witnessed waves of the movement of protests and the strength of their effects varied on These countries have reasons related to the level of the state of internal political congestion for each of the Arab Gulf states, in addition to the adherence of some Gulf political regimes to absolute rule in them

Keywords: Winds of Change, Arab Gulf Countries, Middle East, Gulf Systems.

US Sanctions on Iran and Its Impact on Iraq

Saba Hussein Mola

pp. 36 - 46   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230.3


The research is interested in shedding light on the historical framework of US-Iranian relations since 1979, and the political events that have permeated it, which later reflected the imposition of a number of US sanctions on Iran, which directly affected the formulation of its foreign policy towards Arab and international countries. The problem of research revolves around the recent US sanctions against Iran in 2018, and as many historians and economists put it, "it is the most severe" as it includes oil exports, shipping, and banks, while targeting any company or organization that circumvents the implementation of the sanctions. As far as the matter is concerned with Iraq, the research is interested in stating the extent of its influence on the sanctions imposed on Iran, in economic terms, the volume of trade exchange, and the Iraqi market. The research was divided into an introduction and three axes, the first concerned with giving the historical framework for US-Iranian relations after 1979. The second topic focused on highlighting the sanctions imposed on Iran since 1979. As for the last topic, it indicated the repercussions of the sanctions on the Iraqi economy.

Keywords: America, Iran, Iraq, Sanctions

The Socio-Cultural Attractions Between Turkish Pluralism Society and Algerian Pluralism Society "Manuel Castell's Approach of Network Society"

Naima Sadki

pp. 47 - 56   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230.4


Turkey goes to deepen it's existence by computations and steady steps in North Africa, especially towards Algeria, that it represents a strategic depth in the continent of Africa, in addition, there are a cultural reference and the Ottoman heritage in Algeria. Which led to deepen the intensity of contacts and interactions between community actors because of attractions rectifiers between the Turkish and Algerian society, such as cultural, religious and civilizational. Therefore, the study will work to drop the approach of Emmanuel Castel's of Network Society on the Algerian pluralism society and the Turkish pluralism society

Keywords: Pluralism society, Network society, Algeria, Turkey.

The impact of regional and international interactions on the Levant after 2003

Ghusoon Mezher Al Muhammadawi

pp. 57 - 67   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijmer.2019.230.5


The study of regional and international interactions in the Arab Mashreq region came after the American occupation of Iraq in 2003, to shed light on the structure and structure of the balance of power in the region, as this region is one of the areas that have been subjected to the vibrations and political instability, especially after 2003, and followed by geo-strategic changes It was represented in competition and struggle between regional powers over influence and domination and the leadership of the balance of other regional powers, in addition to internal changes in the countries of the region itself. The study aims to determine the impact of the collapse of Iraq’s regional power and the emergence of the powers of Iran and Turkey and a study of the impact of the American occupation of Iraq and what are the factors of competition that affect international and regional interactions on the region. In the international trend and regional competition to control it, and another topic deals with the factors related to regional and international forces that drive it to struggle for control of this region, as we clarify at the conclusion of the research the implications of this international and regional competition on The countries of the region and their political stability

Keywords: Arab Mashreq, Iraq, Iran, Politics, United States